The process of caring for and nurturing children usually includes:
- Breastfeeding : One of the things to know about babies is this: at first it may seem like the baby will be constantly nursing; But gradually mother and baby will have a steady milk supply. At that time, children eat often and according to their needs.
- Wash and bathe your baby : In the first day after birth, you don’t need to bathe your baby right away, but after 24 hours after birth, you need to bathe your baby every day. Change the baby’s toilet after he goes to the toilet.
- Change baby’s diaper : Use warm water and soft towel to clean the baby, change the baby’s diaper right after the baby goes to the toilet to avoid leaving it for too long to make the baby uncomfortable, affecting the baby’s skin.
- Help your baby get a good night’s sleep .
- Helps reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) : This syndrome is very rare. Therefore, mothers should not worry too much. Putting your baby on his or her back in a crib or sharing a bed with you for the first 6 months will be a good way to reduce the risk to your baby even more. In addition, mothers should not smoke while pregnant or breastfeeding; and do not allow others to smoke in the same room as the baby. These will also help protect them.
Things to know about babies: Your baby’s senses
Here’s what to know about babies in regards to their senses. Some of your baby’s senses will be more developed than others. Let’s read and consult together!
1. Newborns can cry a lot, but they won’t shed any tears
One of the things to know about babies is that they cry but not tears. Although the baby still has a tear film to protect and lubricate the eye; but your baby won’t shed any tears until she’s 3 to 12 weeks old. Late afternoon and early evening times are usually when babies are noisiest.
“peak crying” is about 46 weeks after gestational age; or 6 to 8 weeks of age for full-term infants. After 3 months, the crying episodes will usually decrease in frequency.
2. Newborns have a very developed sense of smell
The thing to know about babies is that there is a strong connection with their taste buds. This is because she doesn’t just taste the food her mother consumes through her amniotic fluid; but also smell them. Just like taste; When you are a baby, your baby’s sense of smell is also very developed.
- Smell is processed by the part of the brain that controls memory; That’s why there are strong connections between scents and specific experiences. Smelling the same scent later on can trigger memory.
- From the first week of life, a newborn can recognize its mother by the mother’s smell.
- The scent of breast milk attracts babies.
- When mother and baby smell each other during cuddling time; both secrete higher amounts of oxytocin.
- Strong scents can interfere with her taste buds; so remember to stay away from strong perfumes while breastfeeding.
3. Newborns can distinguish different sounds
Right from the moment of birth, infants inherit a keen sense of hearing; especially with female voices. Babies can very quickly distinguish different sounds.
4. Newborns can only distinguish between sweet and sour taste
A baby’s taste buds begin to develop in the womb. And by the ninth week, she has the smallest taste buds with a fully formed mouth and tongue. Your baby will actually taste the first flavors inside the womb through the amniotic fluid. As a baby, your baby’s taste buds are very developed.
Generally, the thing to know about babies is that most babies prefer sweet-tasting liquids to sour, salty, and bitter flavors. Babies will usually like the foods they were exposed to while in the womb. A child’s preferences or tastes are not hereditary (meaning what you like to eat doesn’t mean your baby is too).
Also, your baby can detect a difference in the taste of breast milk depending on what you eat. This can have a positive effect on a child’s taste buds when exposed to a variety of foods before they can eat them in solid form.
5. Newborn baby’s vision is very poor
During the first trimester, a newborn’s eyes will be blurred. This does not mean that your baby is incapable of seeing, but rather that his brain is not ready to process so much visual information. As your baby gets older and her brain develops, her vision will become much clearer.
Babies can only see clearly objects that are 20cm or less away, so you have to be very close for them to see you clearly. And it’s very interesting that babies like to see curves more than straight lines.
6. One of the things to know about babies is that they recognize colors
Babies can see colors after birth, but distinguishing one color from another is difficult. Usually, babies like primary colors, especially red and blue.
After one month of age, your baby may begin to notice the difference in colors; and may see slight color changes later on.
Things to know about babies: Eat, drink, sleep, rest
Here are things to know about babies related to daily activities to help parents take better care of their babies.
1. Children can sleep 16 hours a day
One of the things to know about babies is that they can sleep more than 16 hours a day. According to a survey, participating mothers reported that their babies slept an average of 14.3 hours.
2. Children are often restless, even afraid of strange foods
To prevent this, you should let your baby play with food for a while before starting to feed him. You can put a little food on your baby’s index finger; then slowly put your index finger in the baby’s mouth; This is a way to encourage your child to try a new food.
3. Kids sometimes need a little background noise to fall asleep easily
Several types of sounds are said to help babies relax and soothe them to sleep: recordings of a mother’s heartbeat; ticking clock; sound of flowing streams, waterfalls or rough seas; vacuum cleaner running sound; sound of water bubbles in the aquarium; and the sound of running water.
Furthermore, your baby will be soothed and comforted with sounds that remind him of the rhythmic noises he heard in the womb. The sound of your baby’s heartbeat when you hold him skin-to-skin can also help calm him down and regulate his breathing.
Many babies also enjoy the sound of washing machines; car engine sounds when they’re in the back seat, or just some simple white noise. There are many toys and apps that make these kinds of sounds; mom just looking for free white noise videos online.
Things to know about babies: Other interesting facts about the baby’s body
Here are things to know about babies in relation to their bodies so that mothers can relieve their anxiety when they see their babies are different from adults.
1. Newborn hair will fall out
Although your baby may have hair at birth, it will quickly fall out; and replaced with new hair. The new hair color may be completely different from the original hair color. And usually when the baby is four months old. A completely new section of hair will grow in its place.
2. Things to know about babies: Most babies have rosy skin
Usually babies have pink skin because they have a lot of red blood cells in their blood. Skin color in babies can vary greatly; ranging from pink and white or yellowish tones to typical redness. Even from one moment to the next; Skin color can change depending on how active the baby is.
Of course, family characteristics and racial factors will also affect a newborn’s skin color. At birth, a baby’s skin is normally purple-red and turns bright red when he cries. During the first few days of life, the skin gradually loses this red color.
Also, an infant’s hands and feet may be blue and cool. By the third day, the boy may also appear yellowish. This condition is called jaundice. It usually occurs in infants and sometimes requires special treatment.
3. Newborn’s heart rate is 2 times faster than an adult’s
One of the things to know about babies is their heart rate. At birth, a baby’s heart beats at a rate of 180 beats per minute. Within a few hours, the speed dropped to 140 beats. At 1 year of age, a newborn’s heart rate is 115 beats per minute.
The average pulse rate of an adult is 70-80 beats per minute.
4. Newborns also breathe faster than adults
An infant’s breathing rate is in the range of 30 to 50 times a minute, while that of an adult is only 15 to 20 times a minute.
Furthermore, research has shown that babies born by caesarean section are more likely to have difficulty breathing; as it is thought that they may miss the important physiological and hormonal changes that occur during labor.
Until 7 months old, babies can breathe and swallow at the same time.
5. Newborns often sneeze and snort to clear their nasal passages
It takes a while for the baby to learn how to breathe through the mouth when the nose is blocked. To minimize breathing problems for your child, try to keep the air clean, free of dust and smoke.
6. Things to know about babies: Babies are very susceptible to colds
Although babies inherit immunity as well as anti-bacterial from breast milk, babies are especially susceptible to colds. Therefore, adults should not be near children with colds.
7. Newborns react quickly to skin contact
This stimulates the production of growth hormones, and helps the body respond quickly to these hormones. One study showed that premature babies who were regularly exposed to more people gained 47% more weight than other premature babies.
Hopefully with information on things to know about babies; Mothers know more about their babies. And know how to take care of children in the most comprehensive way.
MarryBaby’s articles are for informational purposes only and are not a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment.