By the age of 12 months, your baby can: sit on his own, cling to stand up, crawl on his hands and knees, crawl or hold onto a handrail to walk around objects, and can walk a few steps on his own.
Baby can hold and knock two toy blocks together‚ can eat and drink from a cup. At this stage, babies are able to pair a small object with their thumb and index finger correctly.
Babies at the age of 12 months can express their needs to others through gestures and gestures. The baby may appear stressed or cry when the parents move away or when the baby is surrounded by strangers. At this stage babies prefer their parents over all other caregivers.
- Baby can imitate others‚ can wave goodbye and can play “peek-peek”.
- Your baby may begin to test your parents’ reactions to his mischief (e.g. throwing food away while he’s eating).
- You can discipline these mischiefs by applying the “time out” rule (for example, you tell your child to end mealtime and you put the food away) and conversely, you should praise your child when he has acts of kindness. good motion.
Your baby at 12 months old can imitate sounds and say “mama/mom”, “dad/dad/dad” and a few other words. The baby can play the game of finding a hidden object and can react when you say no.
Your baby’s injections may include:
- The 4th dose of DTaP vaccine contains diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis toxoids.
- 3rd or 4th dose of Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) meningitis vaccine.
- The 4th dose of pneumococcal vaccine (in the form of pneumococcal vaccine can be used for children under 2 years old, expected to be available in Vietnam in the first quarter of 2015)‚ Measles vaccine‚ German measles vaccine (usually called rubella)‚ mumps vaccine‚ varicella vaccine MMRV‚ and hepatitis A vaccine.
- If your baby hasn’t had a shot before, your doctor can also give you the last dose of hepatitis B vaccine this time.
- During flu season, you should also give your baby a flu shot.
Your baby should be screened for anemia with a test that checks the amount of hemoglobin (hemoglobin) or red blood cell ratio. Depending on the presence of risk factors on a case-by-case basis, your baby may need a blood lead test or a TB test.
Nutrition and oral health
- Breastfed babies should continue to be breastfed.
- Babies from 12 months old can stop drinking powdered milk and switch to drinking whole milk. A baby should drink 2-3 cups (0.47 L to 0.70 L) a day.
- Should drink all kinds of milk/juice/food… by cup, not by bottle to prevent tooth decay.
- Limit the intake of fruit juices containing too much vitamin C, should not exceed 0.11 L – 0.17 L/day, and encourage your baby to drink filtered water.
- Use a balanced menu for your baby and encourage her to eat vegetables.
- Feed your baby 3 main meals and 2-3 snacks in a day.
- Cut food into small pieces so your baby doesn’t choke.
- Make sure your baby avoids foods that are high in fat, salt, and sugar. Gradually help your child transition the menu to regular family meals instead of special foods for babies.
- Have your baby sit in a high chair at the table to increase communication during meals.
- Do not force your child to eat all the food on the plate.
- Avoid giving your baby hard nuts, hard candies, popcorn, and chewing gum to avoid foreign objects in the airways due to aspiration when swallowing.
- Encourage your child to feed himself with a spoon and have his or her own bowl/plate.
- Children need to brush their teeth after meals and before going to bed.
- Take your baby to the dentist and talk to the dentist about his oral health.
- Read to your baby every day and encourage her to point to an object as you read to it.
- Choose books with lots of interesting drawings‚ colors and textures/patterns.
- Sing back rhymes and songs to your baby or encourage her to imitate them.
- Name objects accurately and consistently for your baby to follow. Explain what you’re doing to your baby while he’s bathing, dressing, and playing.
- Play fantasy games with dolls, blocks, or common household objects.
- Often babies are not ready to use the toilet until they are 18 to 24 months old.
- Most babies still get 2 naps a day. Teach your baby to have long and short naps on time. Encourage your baby to sleep in his own bed.
Tips for parents
- Each day should have some time just for you and your baby.
- At this stage‚ you need to know that your child is less able to understand the order of things/events/time.
- Reduce your baby’s TV time to just one hour a day. Children at this stage need to play active games and need to interact with others.
Illustration: mother and baby playing
- Be aware and discuss with your babysitter safety issues at home‚ for example: using doors‚ electrical outlets‚ covering door handles‚ making sure items cannot fall if the baby climbs on it.
- Keep the water heater temperature (if available) around 49°C.
- Avoid loose cords such as electrical cords, curtain cords, or telephone cords.
- Keep your baby’s surroundings free of cigarette smoke and free from drugs or chemicals.
- Use self-closing doors around the pool.
- Never play the baby toss game.
- To prevent your baby from choking/clogging his throat, make sure he plays with toys that are larger than his or her mouth.
- Make sure all your baby’s toys are made of non-toxic materials.
- Young children can suffocate with just a small puddle of water, so don’t let them play alone with water.
- Do not leave small objects, toys with nooses, long chains, or strings near your baby.
- Keep light bulbs away from curtains and blankets to prevent fires.
- Do not wear a pacifier around your baby’s hand or neck.
- The large ring of the pacifier should be at least 3.8 cm wide to prevent swallowing.
- Check all toys for sharp edges as well as parts that could come apart to prevent them from being swallowed.
- When driving in a private car, you need to keep your child firmly in the middle of the back seat and never put him in the front seat next to the airbag position. Install this car seat in such a way that your baby can lean against the seat and look behind the car (rear facing) until he is 2 years old or when he or she grows taller/heavier than the seat height limit install in this way. this.
- Install a smoke detector in your home and make sure to change its batteries regularly.
- Close the lid of the medicine bottle tightly and keep it in a place where children cannot get it. Keep chemicals and detergents out of reach of children. If the fire extinguisher is placed in the house, it should be locked carefully so that the child cannot open it by himself.
- Be careful with hot liquids and make sure your baby can’t pull out hot cooking utensils (handles should be inward). Cutlery and heavy objects should also be kept where children cannot reach them.
- Always keep an eye on your baby‚ even when you shower.
- Make sure the door is closed so your baby doesn’t fall out.
- Make sure your child wears sunglasses that block both types of UV rays A and B and have a sun protection index of at least 15.
- Getting sunburned as a baby can have more serious effects later on, so avoid exposing your child to the sun during the sunniest parts of the day.
- You need to know the phone number of the health center near you and keep it in an easy-to-find place like the fridge.